Mineral Land Rocks and Minerals

Next to the Rainbow Caverns Mine Train attraction in Disneyland was a unique store called Mineral Hall which was among the first "blacklight" stores in the U.S. Among the souvenirs you could acquire at this store were minerals in small cardboard blister packs. These ranged in price from ten cents up to fifty cents.

Num Name Price Hardness Sp. Grv. Have
???Tiger's Eye (quartz)???7.02.660
The specimen is from Southwest Africa. Most Tiger's Eye is found in the Union of South Africa, the principal source of supply. It is pseudomorphic after crocidolite, and it retains the fibrous structure of the original mineral, asbestos. Tiger's Eye may be yellowish brown, bluish, or red. When cut en cobochon, it is strongly chatoyant.
M 1Amazonite (feldspar)10c6.0-6.52.5-2.80
This specimen is from Canada, but Amazonite is found also in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Pike's Peak in Colorado, and in the Ural Mountains of Soviet Russia. There are excellent cleavages in two directions. The color varies from light or colorless through pale yellow, green, and reddish tones.
M 2Aventurine (quartz)10c7.02.660
This specimen is from India, but Aventurine is found also in China, Madagascar, Brazil, and Siberia. Usually yellow, green, brown or red in color it contains glistening scales of bright colored minerals like hematite or chromium mica.
M 3Chrysocolla10c2.42.0-2.20
This specimen is found from Arizona, but chrysocolla is found also in Nevada, in the Ural Mountains of Soviet Russia, and in Chile. It is a colored copper mineral and it occurs in earthy compact masses, veins, and crusts. Chrysocolla is occasionally used for making charms and pendants.
M 4Jasper10c7.02.661
This specimen is from Virginia; Jasper is found also in other parts of the United States and Canada. It occurs in opaque red, yellow, brown, deep green, or grayish blue. It is a cryptocrystaline quartz. The Jasper referred to in the Bible was probably a dark green or opalescent stone.
M 5Moss Agate10c7.02.660
This specimen is from India, but Moss Agate is fond also in Germany, South America, and the United States (Providence, Rhode Island). Often called Mocha Stone, it is characterized by dentritic inclusion of dark pigmenting matter that forms a pattern resembling moss or ferns.
M 6Rose Quartz10c7.02.660
This specimen is from Brazil, but Rose Quartz is found also in Japan, Madagascar, France, and in South Dakota and California in the United States. It is invariably massive, and it may be transparent to translucent, even opalescent. The color (caused by the presence of manganese) is rose pink.
M 7Perthite (feldspar)10c6.0-6.52.5-2.81
This specimen is from Canada, but Perthite is found also in Brazil and the United States. Feldspar is the name of the most common group of rock-forming minerals. They are geologically the most important part of many, many rocks. Perthite is often pink, red, or honey colored. Other feldspars are white, yellow, gray, green or brown.
M 8Peristerite (feldspar)10c6.0-6.52.5-2.83
This material may be found in Ontario, Quebec, and Madagascar. A kind of feldspar, Peristerite is a variety of albite. It is most attractive, and often exhibits a beautiful show of colors.
M 9Williamsite (serpentine)10c2.5-4.02.5-2.81
This specimen is from Maryland, but Serpentine is found also in Vermont, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Colorado in the United States and in Sweeden and Scotland. Williamsite has a blackish-green color. Verdantique is a massive green Serpentine mottled with white calcite, dolomite, or magnatite.
M12Obsidian (snowflake)15c5.52.3-2.61
This specimen is from Utah, United States, but Obsidian is found also in Mexico and Iceland. It is formed when acid magmas or lava flows and quickly cools. The color of this volcanic glass is black, with a white snowflake pattern. The snowflake is calcite.
M13Obsidian (double flow)15c5.52.61
This volcanic glass, formed when acid magmas or lava flows and quickly cools, is found in Mexico, Iceland, and the United States. The color is variable. It is usually black, but lighter in thin fragments, with occasional occurrences of red, brown, and greenish tints.
M14Olivene (peridot)15c6.5-7.03.2-3.42
This specimen is from Arizona, but Olivene is found also in New Mexico, along the Red Sea, in Egypt, Brazil, and on St. John's Island. Better known to jewelers as Peridot, Chrysolite, or Evening Emerald, it is yellow green in color. The best specimens are bottle green. Olivene is transparent to translucent and too soft to retain a good polish or sharp edge when worn.
This specimen is from New York. The mineral, silicate of calcium magnesium, is well known and occurs in several colors. It is usually braided of white or gray, but the beautiful variety known as Hexagonite from Edwards, New York, is lavender, and the variety called Actinolite from Gouvernor, New York and Less, Massachusetts is green. Tremolite breaks readily into splinters, often with sharp points that stick in the fingers.
This specimen is from Virginia. Unakite is the name given to an attractive rock which is composed of epidote, red feldspar, and quartz. It is usually beautifully cut encabochon and used as a jewler's stone.
M18Desert Rose (gypsum)15c22.321
This specimen is from Texas. Gypsum is a rare native rock formation found in the desert and southwestern portion of the United States. It is one of nature's most interesting and loveliest geological creations.
This specimen is from Australia, but Rhodonite is also found in the Ural Mountains of Soviet Russia and in our own state of New Jersey. Transparent to opaque stones may be yellow, greenish, red, pink, or brownish in color (which easily changes to black because of a superficial alteration of magnesium oxide). The pink or red mineral polishes well and is used frequently as an ornamental stone in Russia.
M20Garnet (Almandite variety)15c6.5-7.53.4-4.32
This specimen is from Gore Mountain, New York, but Garnet is also found in South America, Ceylon, Czechoslovakia, India, and Brazil. One of the most common minerals, Garnet may be observed in almost any color with the exception of blue. All varieties of this mineral crystallize in the cubic system in very similar forms.
M21Amethyst (quartz)19c7.02.660
This specimen is from Mexico, but Amethyst is found also in Brazil, India, Persia, and the United States. It is a popular transparent variety of purple or violet quartz, usually well crystalized. The purple pigment responsible for its characteristic color is probably an iron compound. Amethyst is widely used as a jeweler's stone
This specimen is from Canada, but Epidote is found also in Italy, France, Norway, and Alaska. It varies from transparent to opaque; from yellowish to black-green, pistachio green, and (rarely) colorless or brown.
This specimen is from Brazil, but Aquamarine is found also in Madagascar, Africa, and the United States. It is transparent and usually blue to sea green in color. Some Aquamarine stones are heat treated to improve their color. Aquamarine may be classified in the Beryl family which includes also emeralds, morganite, golden beryl, and groshinite.
M24Smoky Quartz19c7.02.660
This specimen is from Brazil but Smoky Quartz is found also in Ceylon, Scotland and Maine, New Hampshire, and Colorado in the United States. Generally well crystallized, it is smoky yellow to dark brown or black in color. (Color may be caused by the action of radiation.) A favorite stone in Scotland, Smoky Quartz is cut in a brillant style for brooches, pins, and rings.
M25Moonstone (feldspar)19c6.0-6.52.5-2.82
This specimen is from India, but Moonstone is found also in Ceylon, Switzerland, and Burma. The common variety of this gem (orthoclase) is transparent to translucent. When opalescent, it is called Moonstone. It is widely used by jewelers.
This specimen is from Canada, but Sodalite is found also in our own state of Maine, in the Ural Mountains of Soviet Russia, on Mount Vesuvius in Italy, and in Norway. It has a deep blue color similar to that of Lazurite, to which it is closely related. The composition of Sodalite is sodium, aluminium, and chlorosilicate. The mineral is cubic; therefore, isotopic. Sodalite is polished for use as an ornamental stone or sometimes cut en cabochon.
M27Galena (lead sulphide)19c2.57.53
This specimen is from Utah, but Galena is found also in Missouri, Kansas, Idaho, and Colorado. However, collectors usually purchase this material for their excursions rarely take them to the dumps of old lead mines where it is found. Galena is the most common of the lead minerals, and its striking properties make it one fo the most attractive. It has a brilliant metalic luster, and the granular cleavable type glitters with an exceptionally beautiful sparkle.
M29Agate (banded quartz)19c7.02.662
This specimen is from Mexico, but Agate is found also in Germany and in Oregon and the Lake Superior district of the United States. Agate is the most popular crypticrystalline variety of quartz. consisting of chalcedony in which the color is irregularly distributed, it is characterized by curved parallel bands of color which are more or less wavy. Agate occurs in geodes in volcanic and sedimentary rocks and, frequently, in pebbles.
M30Phlogopite (mica)19c2.52.8-3.31
This specimen is from Canada, but Phlogopite is also found in Franklin, New Jersey. it is yellowish brown to brownish red in color. Amber mica is a complex silicate of aluminum, magnesium and pottasium with water. It is the most highly prized of the micas for use in electronic devices.
M31Carnelian Agate (quartz)25c7.02.662
This specimen is from India, but Carnelian Agate is found also in Brazil and the United States. Carnelian, or sard, is a reddish variety of chalcedony. It varies in color from pale to deep, clear red and from brownish red to yellow brown. The ingredient responsible for this color is ferric oxide.
M32Bloodstone (heliotrope)25c7.02.664
This specemin is from India, but Bloodstone is found also in Siberia and the Hebrides. It is a dark green variety of chalcedony containing scattered spots of red Jasper. Bloodstone is frequently used in churches on engraved religious objects.
M33Burnite (azurite and malachite)25c3.53.91
This specemin is from Arizona, but Burnite is found also in Chile and in the Ural Mountains of Soviet Russia. It is a mixture of azurite and malachite, two bright-colored minerals frequently used on ornamental objects.
M34Sapphire (corundum)25c9.03.9-4.10
This specimen is from Australia, but Sapphire is found also in Canada, Ceylon, Burma, and in Montana and North Carolina, U.S.A. Sapphire and Ruby are colored varieties of the mineral corundum which is next to diamond in hardness. Color may vary from colorless through red, blue, green, yellow, violet to brown and black.
M37Labradorite (feldspar)25c6.73.1-3.22
This specimen is from Labrador from which the mineral takes its name, but it is also found in Ontario and Quebec in Cnada and in Madagascar. Labradorite is characterized by a beautiful play of colors, usually blue and green, less often yellow, red or gray. Its attractive effect possibly is caused by fine microscopic inclusion or repeated twinninas.
M38Lapis Lazuli25c5.0-5.52.4-2.92
This specimen is from Afghanistan, but Lapis Lazuli is found also in Siberia, Chile, and our own state of California. Varying from opaque to translucent, Lapis Lazuli occurs in shades of blue from deep azure to greenish. Two other minerals--Sodalite and lazulite--have a similar appearance.
M39Obsidian (golden sheen)25c5.52.61
This specimen is from Mexico, but Obsidian is found also in the United States. It is formed when acid magmas or lava flows and quickly cools. Under the microscope minute crystals of this volcanic glass may be observed. Devitrification sometimes produces a shimmer or chatoyancy.
M40Opal in Matrix25c5.5-6.51.95-2.0
This specimen is from Mexico, but Opal is found also in Australia, Brazil, and in the Virgin Valley of Nevada in the United States. It is formed by the decomposition of silicate minerals and volcanic glass by hot water. The dissolved silica is deposited in cracks or crevices; the process occurs especially in recently erupted lava. Common Opal is translucent to opaque, its dull color varies. Fire Opal is semi-transparent to transparent, and yellow, red, or orange. It may show a play of color. Precious Opal makes diamond seem drab in comparison.
M41Tourmaline (green)25c7.0-7.73.0-3.23
This specimen is from Brazil, but Tourmaline is found also in Madagascar and Africa and in our own states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Maine, and California. It shows strong dichrosim, and it is rather unique since a single crystal may be zoned in a variety of beautiful contrasting colors. Tourmaline may be pitch black, brown, gray, yelow, green, red, pink, blue or colorless. This transparent to opaque mineral makes striking gems and is used commercially in electronics.
This specimen is from Nevada, but Turquoise is found also in New Mexico and in Persia and New South Wales. Usually opaque, it varies in color from greenish gray, yellowish green, apple green and greenish blue to sky blue. The blue color is caused by the presence of copper. Apparently amorphous, Turquoise occurs in veins or crusts, and as rounded masses, disseminating grains or rounded pebbles.
This specimen is from Australia, but Zircon is found also in India, Ceylon, France, and in North Carolina and Florida in the United States. Widely distributed, though in small quantities, the mineral - zirconium silicate - occurs in tetrogonal crystals, usually a combination of prisms and pyramids. It is usually reddish brown or gray, but infrequently yellow, red, or colorless specimens are found, and blue and green stones are very rare. Zircon is transparent to opaque.
M45Jade50c6-6 1/22.9-3.10
This specimen is from Wyoming, but Jade is found also in Alaska, New Zealand, and Siberia. It is compact, tough; the fracture is spilintery. Color, often irregularly distributed, varies from bright to dark green. Nephrite is the more common form of Jade (Jadeite, or true Jade, is the other.) The word Jade comes from the Spanish ijada meaning loin or flan; the mineral was once believed capable of curing pain in this area.
M46Citrine (quartz topaz)50c7.02.661
This specimen is from Brazil, but Citrine is found also in Madagascar. Called erroneously Spanish Topaz, False Topaz, Gold Topaz, and Madeira Topaz because of its striking resemblance to precious topaz, Citrine is actually transparent crystal quartz (varying in color from amethyst to smoky quartz) heat treated to produce beautiful light and dark yellow stones.
M48Rubellite (red tourmaline)50c7.0-7.53.0-3.22
This specimen is from Brazil, but Rubellite is found also in Madagascar and in our own states of Maine and California. The mineral is a very complex silicate, always containing boron aluminium, and sometimes iron magnesium, sodium lithium, and even chromium. Very fine gems are not uncommon. The metallic red color occurs only in Rubellite.

The rock and mineral samples were manufactured by Gem Color Company of Patterson, New Jersey. These packages are not dated. A larger set of minerals called "Walt Disney's Rocks and Minerals" (number R13). The back of the box depicts the display rack for the individual minerals.

I am always looking for additional data on the individual minerals in this series. I would like to trade for or purchase individual minerals I do not yet own. I am also interested in any products which were or were likely to be sold in Mineral Hall. Please contact me if you have anything to offer or wish to share information.

Last Updated on 28 January 2018
By James D. Keeline
Email: James@Keeline.com